What is pediatric cancer?


Childhood cancer is not one disease entity, but rather is a spectrum of different malignancies. Cancers found in children are biologically different from those seen in adults.


The 10 most common types of childhood cancer are as follows:

  1. Leukemia (acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia)
  2. CNS, brain, and spinal cord tumors
  3. Lymphomas, (including Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma)
  4. Skin cancer and melanomas
  5. Soft tissue tumors (including rhabdomyosarcoma)
  6. Germ cell tumors
  7. Neuroblastoma
  8. Bone cancers (including osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma)
  9. Renal cancer (including Wilms tumor)
  10. Retinoblastoma   



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