What is pediatric cancer?
Childhood cancer is not one disease entity, but rather is a spectrum of different malignancies. Cancers found in children are biologically different from those seen in adults.
The 10 most common types of childhood cancer are as follows:
- Leukemia (acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia)
- CNS, brain, and spinal cord tumors
- Lymphomas, (including Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma)
- Skin cancer and melanomas
- Soft tissue tumors (including rhabdomyosarcoma)
- Germ cell tumors
- Bone cancers (including osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma)
- Renal cancer (including Wilms tumor)